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What is Hepatitis?

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. There are several different kinds of hepatitis. Here we will talk about three: hepatitis A, B and C.

How do I know if I have Hepatitis?

Sometimes a person with hepatitis has no symptoms at all. The older you are, the more likely you are to have symptoms.

If you have symptoms, they might include:

  • yellow skin or yellowing of the whites of the eyes
  • tiredness
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea
  • abdominal discomfort
  • dark urine
  • clay-colored bowel movements
  • joint pain

How can I get it?

Hepatitis A can be spread via fecal-oral route or during sexual activities such as oral-anal contact with an infected person. It can sometimes be caught through food or water contaminated with feces (poop) from an infected person.

Hepatitis B is transmitted through activities that involve contact with infected blood (e.g.: sharing needles to inject drugs) or bodily fluids during vaginal, anal and oral sex (e.g.: semen and saliva).

Hepatitis C can be spread through contact with infected blood like sharing needles to inject drugs, blood transfusions, hemodialysis with contaminated blood. It can also be transmitted through bodily fluids during vaginal/anal/oral sex. Hepatitis can also spread during the birthing process.

How can I find out if I have Hepatitis?

You can find out through a blood test or physical exam.

How can I get treated?

Hepatitis cannot be cured. Some symptoms can be treated, and some infections (such as Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B) can be prevented with vaccination.

What happens if I don’t get treated?

Hepatitis can cause permanent liver damage, liver cancer, liver failure, and death.

Get Help

For general resources about relationships, sex, wellness and more, please do a search on the Get Answers page.

Are you in immediate danger?

Call 911 or your local police. If not in an immediate threat, please view resources on the Get Care page.